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Fathom This: A Retrospective
Find album reviews, stream songs, credits and award information for Fathom This : A Retrospective - The Nuclear Whales Saxophone Orchestra on AllMusic. John's Pardede International Hotel, Jakarta: See traveller reviews, 2 user photos and best deals for John's Pardede International Hotel, ranked # of A small one close to Kramat, to the East of the road leading to Buitenzorg [now Bogor] . of the vegetation, and his description is imbued with a romantic enthusiasm: “The Peasant Society of South Fukien ,” Nanyang University J . . The two, dating from , are extremely interesting and little- known by the.
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Despite the incessant expenditures over time, both individually and collectively, by the Chinese of Indonesia to conserve and secure their graves, they have never been really from destruction. As early asthe community of Batavia lodged a complaint against a group of Ambonese who near the cemetery and who had desecrated some four hundred graves. During the following century, another danger came in addition to the risk of looting; by following the development of the towns of the Northern coast, some cemeteries once plotted the countryside were enveloped by settlements and gradually threatened with demolition.
Here we focus on the historical development of certain cemeteries including those of Batavia, Banten, Cirebon, and Semarang which to some extent mirror the evolution of the Chinese communities that founded them.
In so doing we also give attention to the tombs which escaped destruction and have become the subject of a genuine worship by the part of the populations, newcomers, local born Chinese and even Indonesians who do not hesitate to spend to maintain the sites. Last but not least we reflect on the way burial grounds were granted in concession by the authorities, and how they were managed.
We are the product of the bones of our ancestors whose remains are buried under tumuli; alive or dead we all are cognates. However, much less is known regarding the burial grounds of these former communities. It was not until the late s onwards that scattered tombs, remains of anciens cemeteries, started to draw the attention of historians and archaeologists. The first undertook to collect their inscriptions throughout the whole country, while the second excavated an old cemetery near Banten West Java.
As early asthe community of Batavia lodged a complaint against a group of Ambonese who resided near the cemetery and had desecrated some four hundred graves. A set of ancient tombs, which at the end of the 18th century was located close to the shopping district of Pekojan, was felt by the Dutch authorities to be an obstacle.
Inthey asked the captain to move the graves outside the city, as we will see below. Areas, often very extended, occupied by cemeteries on the outskirts of cities or even in the countryside were gradually squatted with the tacit consent of the authorities.
The demolitions were very sudden so that the families of the deceased had no time to intervene; and it is probable
Kramat j dating romance if they had the possibility of making a transfer, in the majority of cases, they would not have been in a position to assume it financially.
We will also give attention to the rare old tombs which escaped destruction and have become the object of a genuine worship on the part of the population. Finally, we will cast Kramat j dating romance glance at the manner Chinese communities especially the one in Batavia, which is better documented, tried to maintain their cemeteries, and
Kramat j dating romance they administrated them in regard to the state policy.
However, according to de
Kramat j dating romance a Chinese burial ground already existed in the s which was located to the southeast of the city, north of Herrenweg.
The needed plot of land had been purchased by the heads of the community. Gradually, from the middle of the 17th century until the end of the 18th century, the Chinese officers tried to enlarge the cemetery southwards by buying plots of land along the river Ciliwong.
This inscription, which is presently sheltered in the courtyard of the Vihara Tri Ratna, is not only the oldest known stele in Jakarta, but also the oldest recording the foundation of a cemetery in Insular Southeast Asia see Plate 2.
Eduard Selberg, Reise nach Java According to Li Minghuan in the 19th century, most of the burial plots were located in Tanjung and Slipi. Only after the s were Jati and Jelambar mentioned; as for the name Cidang, it appeared in the early 20th century. Lombard, Les Chinois de Jakarta.
Kramat j dating romance and Communal LifeParis: There are two Chinese cemeteries near Batavia. A small one close to Kramat, to the East of the road leading to Buitenzorg [now Bogor] and a bigger one between Batavia and Gunung Sari, in a region where walls of the old Jakarta 25 half hidden in the greenery are to be found.
The same thing happened to the West where the superficies occupied by Chinese tombs was even bigger, and new districts grew up, replacing the burial grounds.
Absolutely nothing has been left to show what the former use of the area was, although the former cemeteries were characterised by impressive constructions influenced by the European architecture of that time. Land had become expensive everywhere, even in the suburbs, and it was no longer possible to buy burial ground in perpetuity. If in mainland China cremation started to be widely used by the population living in the capital and
Kramat j dating romance the major cities of the Song times where land was very expensive, 29 in Indonesia it is a fairly recent phenomenon which from a religious point of view is connected with the progress of Buddhism.
Since then, thousands of Indonesian Chinese have followed his example. The first, which practised open-air cremation, was closed in by the authorities because of the disturbance it caused to the neighbouring inhabitants. A colombarium was added with special sections for Buddhists and Christians see Map 3.
Moreover Cilincing being close to the coast, the families could also Kramat j dating romance disperse the ashes of the deceased into the sea.
Since the early s new crematoria were opened in relation to the crisis faced by municipal cemeteries inside the city. Their records are highly valuable because they are the only testimonies of the manner the Chinese reshaped the landscapes in order to a peculiar atmosphere and give the impression that death was a continuation of life, though in a separate realm.
Here we will limit ourselves to four observers. He happened to visit the cemeteries near the Fort of Jakatra and left the following description which gives a good idea of the landscape and the space arrangement which provided altogether a beautiful perspective and a pleasant atmosphere: As we went out of Batavia we found three or four of these Walks, all which at their end, met at the chief Gate, by which we went out, we took the middlemost, which was our way to the place intended.
There it is where the Kramat j dating romance of mean Quality are buried, and indeed the Place is somewhat in disorder, and there is nothing of State in their Tombs: Upon the top of one of those Kramat j dating romance hills I saw an Arbour very well made, and a Table standing in the middle of it, with Benches all around it, where nearly forty People might commodiously sit.
There I saw a great many odd antick Idols hanging upon the Branches that covered this Arbour. They say that the bonzes make Feasts for the dead, and bring them thither for them to eat; most part of these Tombs are so Kramat j dating romance little Mausoleums, very neat and pretty; here is the figure of one of the loveliest of them made after Plate 3by which you judge of the rest, for they are all made after the same Fashion, with difference only, that some have Dragons in stead of Lyons upon the Gate, as you enter into them, and that Kramat j dating romance are more or fewer Steps high, according to Kramat j dating romance Magnificence.
Being come out of the Burying-Place, we heard the Noise of Cimbal and little Bells, and following the Sound, came to a little Temple of the Chineseswhere their Priests were assembled to offer Sacrifice. When I arrived in this place, some people were busy making one of these tombs for a person that they were going to bury. I watched carefully all Kramat j dating romance ceremonies of the convoy, which resembled a procession, because of the large number of persons it was composed of, and the ornaments they wore, namely flags, parasols, and a canopy in which they carried one of their Saints known as Joosje.
When the body has come to the place where it was to be buried, everything was done quickly
Kramat j dating romance in a very good order …: They threw some coins into the grave and then put in the body. A priest who was standing near the grave, carried a book, in which he read; there was another priest next to him, with a silver dish filled with seeds which from time to time he threw to the audience, on the coffin and on the child of the woman who had just been put into the grave; the child standing on the other side of the tomb, was covered with a dress of raw canvas, passed over his head, after the manner of the ancients … This child, who was no more than ten years old did the same several and each time returned to his place according to the order he received from the onlookers, among whom was his father dressed in white.
Then the priest ordered the said child to spread a few handfuls of earth on the coffin of his mother, and thus ended the ceremony. While people were busy preparing the cement, we started eating with more than five hundred persons among whom were several women dressed in white … We remained there under the trees, until the evening.
One sees everywhere thousands of small circular hills of ten to thirty feet high, which are separated from each other by narrow depressions. Many line up side-by-side along the side. As soon as the sun rose, an infinite multitude of Chinese of both sexes and all ages, some on foot, others on horseback or by car, went to Jakatra near the location of the capital of this former Kingdom, 38 where are all the tombs of this nation.
These tombs were already decorated with strips of paper or silk of various colors, and on each of them burned three candles of red wax. Each Chinese brought or made his slaves bring different dishes which were deposited as an offering on these tombs.
One could easily distinguish the opulence of some of them by the luxury of their dishes. There were some dishes garnished with all what the most splendidly served Eastern table could offer of meat, fish, desserts, sweets and drinks. After leaving these different dishes several hours on the tombs, they ate some, offered others to the foreigners who were spectators, and took the rest back.
Several of them however left roasted poultry which were whole Kramat j dating romance for the purpose. Women were crying on the tombs of their husbands, children deplored the loss of Kramat j dating romance authors of their days, old men groaned on those of their companions and seemed to Kramat j dating romance their surviving ….
Since he was also a naturalist, a botanist, and a painter, he was more attracted the unusual beauty of the funerary landscape of Gunung Sari than by the religious atmosphere. He paid great attention to the colors, the smells, the richness of the vegetation, and his description is imbued with a romantic enthusiasm: The Gunung Sari cemetery constitutes a stretch of land that one may cover in a quarter of an hour.
It is surrounded by a high embankment planted with trees from which emerge slender Palm trees. It contains very notable tombs of a very remarkable nation and offers a spectacle quite worthy of attention. Their hemispheric summit is formed by the rounded part of the tomb which is in a peculiar masonry, the entry of which appears on one of the sides of the small hill. Usually these hills are surrounded by two or more concentric walls that leave in their centre a convex space that has the shape of a flattened dome.
These walls are in a semicircle and stop on the front where the grave ends vertically and where the entrance is closed by one or two stones. On the stone that closes the entrance are engraved very beautiful characters that are enhanced with black and Golden color.
Everything is painted in a bright white which contrasts sharply with the clashing green of the hill. When we contemplate the landscape, we can but be satisfied with this new and strange as much as beau spectacle. Thousands of round hills are covered by a head of hair of a inextricably beautiful vegetation, which plunges into every unevenness, and stands on the side of each hill, through the green of which the bright white of the graves burst here and there.
If one enters this thicket full of pleasant scents and sweet perfumes, one is stunned by the extraordinary variety of grasses and flowering bushes that grow there the author enumerates more than a dozen plants. Since the s the Chinese were involved in sugarcane plantations and sugar processing and they sold their production to European merchants until the latter were expelled by the Dutch.
Indeed, their influence extended to all
Kramat j dating romance of the economy but they gradually moved to Batavia.
However, a small community remained there which was involved in local trade. The three long-ago abandoned and almost forgotten cemeteries which have been traced so far reflect successive periods of the Chinese settlement spanning the second half of the 17th century to According to Edmund Scot who was in Banten on several occasions between and the rich Chinese merchants who happened to pass away in Banten had their ashes sent back to China: This village could be reached by boat.
The excavations made in revealed in five places Sukalila, Kelapadua, Malangnengah, Beberan and Cantilan the existence of scattered Chinese tombs datable to the second half of the 17th century  sas well as remnants of four brick walls, which were apparently the enclosure walls of some Chinese houses. The cemetery had a superficy of about 1 km 2. Kramat j dating romance owners of the five tombs, which retain their epitaphs, were all men.
The latter were either in granite imported from Fujian province, for those who could afford the expense, or in local white madrepore for the others. The biggest size was 41x57 cm. The latter preferred to purchase the sugar they needed in Tanjung Kait and Sumurangsana on the northern coast, to the west of the river Ci Sedana, which were closer to Batavia. Map 5 — Map showing the localization of the Kramat j dating romance cemeteries in Banten.
This plot of land, located on the left bank of the kali Banten, some two hundred meters from the Kasunyatan Mosque, and approximately 1 km south of the ancient walls of the city, was in effect a former Chinese cemetery which had been abandoned long ago.
It is not until the s that, under economic pressure, the local population had the idea of recovering this piece of land in order to plant productive trees. We were unable to find information regarding the legal status of this old cemetery which has never been claimed, although it is located at about m to the west of the great pesantren religious
Kramat j dating romance centre founded during the reign of Sultan Maulana Yusuf d.
The little space left between the tombs allows us to assume that either the land was very expensive, or that the area conceded to the Chinese had been poorly measured. However, in terms of geomancy the location was excellent. Their state of conservation varies. The tombstones which have survived are in granite, andesite, and madrepore, as are those in Kelapadua, while their sizes are very similar too. As regards the owners of the graves, all men as in Kelapadua, they also come from Zhangzhou prefecture.
These new settlers saw in the abandoned cemetery a valuable reserve of stones and they quasi systematically dismantled the tombs of their steles in order to use the latter as gateways in rice fields or as stones for washing.
Thanks to the Indonesian Archaeological Service, the oldest funerary steles 18 in all, ranging from to were collected and finally sheltered in the Museum Situs Banten Lama.
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Without considering the incessant expenditures over in days of yore, both individually and collectively, beside the Chinese of Indonesia to conserve and secure their graves, they have never been in effect protected from destruction.
As initially as , the community of Batavia lodged a complaint against a group of Ambonese who resided near the cemetery and who had desecrated some four hundred graves.
During the following century, another danger came in addition to the risk of looting; by following the progress of the towns of the Northern coast, some cemeteries sometimes plotted in the countryside were enveloped by settlements and piecemeal threatened with demolition.
Here we focus on the historical circumstance of certain cemeteries including those of Batavia, Banten, Cirebon, and Semarang which to some magnitude mirror the evolution of the Chinese communities that founded them.
In so doing we along with give attention to the tombs which escaped destruction and maintain become the subject of a genuine worship by the enter in of the populations, newcomers, historical born Chinese and even Indonesians who do not hesitate to spend to maintain the sites.
Last but not least we reflect on the way obsequies grounds were granted in concession by the authorities, and how they were managed. We are the product of the bones of our ancestors whose remains are buried under tumuli; buzzing or dead we all are cognates.
However, much less is known regarding the burial grounds of these former communities. It was not until the dilatory s onwards that scattered tombs, remains of anciens cemeteries, started to draw the attention of historians and archaeologists.
The senior undertook to collect their inscriptions throughout the whole country, while the second excavated an old-time cemetery near Banten West Java. As early as , the community of Batavia lodged a complaint against a group of Ambonese who resided near the cemetery and had desecrated some four hundred graves.
Should I be the only responsible party in this matter?Find album reviews, stream songs, credits and award information for Fathom This : A Retrospective - The Nuclear Whales Saxophone Orchestra on AllMusic. came in the beginning of the nineteenth centlll'j", bringing with them the last style of the In Europe the romantic revival had seen the emergence of the eccentric sudsporno.info though it is difficult to ascrive a date to the more violent colour schemes .. K. Grave of Toeang Goeroe Abdusalaam, in the kramat on. Signal Hill..
The Nuclear Whales Saxophone Orchestra isn't really an orchestra, but rather, a saxophone sextet that sometimes adds acoustic bass, drums, or percussion. The contrabass, a huge instrument that is over six and one-half feet tall, is especially rare. One hears all seven of those instruments on Fathom This, a collection that spans and includes material from Whales ' first five albums along with a few new recordings.
- Arrived on this hotel looks surprize..
- A small one close to Kramat, to the East of the road leading to Buitenzorg [now Bogor] . of the vegetation, and his description is imbued with a romantic enthusiasm: “The Peasant Society of South Fukien ,” Nanyang University J . . The two, dating from , are extremely interesting and little- known by the. MaxOne Hotel at Kramat(Jakarta). View Hotel. 38 reviews. Free Wifi . Ask dave j about John's Pardede International Hotel. Thank dave j. This review is the.
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